When Rosanna Ringer first breastfed her baby in public, "my husband was having a cow - he thought I was exposing myself," said the Florence mother of three.
That was 22 years ago. Remarkably, times haven't changed much.
"There can be a problem with women breastfeeding at work, or the husband feels excluded because he wants to give the baby a bottle, or her mother-in-law thinks formula is better - women get a lot of conflicting advice," said Ringer, a registered dietician, who directs Pinal County's 11 WIC clinics. WIC is the federal government's Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children that serves low-income families. [Read more]
An emerging body of research on how people cope with adversity suggests that those who deal most effectively with life's problems share certain traits, perhaps even subconscious strategies. [Read more]
Thumb sucking is as common in infancy as diaper rash. And usually it's no more than just a passing phase. In fact, the majority of children who suck their thumbs stop on their own by about four years of age. [Read more]
Sandy Kernein, a 27-year-old Illinois homemaker, was sampling her mother's cake iceing when she first noticed she coundn't taste its sweetness, "It tased just like clay," she says, "I watched everybody else enjoying the cake and thought, oh, they're just being nice." [Read more]
A surgeon restores the hand of a young Iraqi woman injured by a terrorist bomb.
NOORA AL-SARIAA, 27, a striking young woman with dark, shoulder-length hair, brown eyes, and a ready laugh, struggles a bit with English. So she sometimes expresses herself with her graceful hands. The bomb injury that left one of them functionally useless just over a year ago is barely noticeable now. [Read more]
After six hours of microsurgery, Noora's hand function improved, and today she can grasp objects. (Photo: Sasha Nialla)
To look at José Roman--a short, muscular Puerto Rican-American with sleepy green eyes, a slow, sweet grin, pierced ears, a backward baseball cap covering black hair tied in a bun, and the nickname REX tattooed prominently along one arm--you might guess the 23-year-old has seen a bit of life. And you'd be right: José contracted HIV at birth from his drug-addicted mother, who died of AIDS when he was three. [Read more]
José Roman, who contracted HIV at birth, stays healthy by taking nine pills a day.
In 1995, NYU PEDIATRICIAN Sulachni Chandwani, MD, evaluated an emaciated seven-year-old girl who had arrived at Bellevue Hospital with an unusually severe case of chickenpox. "Her immune system was so ravaged, we decided to test for HIV," she says. The test led to a positive diagnosis for the girl, a younger sister, and their immigrant mother, who, until then, never knew that she had the virus and had passed it on to two of her three children at birth. That very ill little girl became a regular patient. Today, she works part-time and is herself the mother of a healthy, uninfected two-year-old. [Read more]
When you ask them directly, 50 percent will identify other issues as more important than HIV, from losing a parent to witnessing someone shot on the street.
In the spring of 1968, a team of medical workers in East Pakistan successfully treated critically ill adult cholera patients with an oral solution of salts, water, and sugar, demonstrating for the first time that intravenous fluids were not necessary to save patients with life-threatening diarrheal disease. Since then, oral rehydration therapy, as it became known, is estimated to have saved 50 million lives. [Read more]
AMHERST - At 18, the high-functioning autistic Temple Grandin constructed a "squeeze machine" to help calm her anxiety. She got the idea after observing that cattle being held in a squeeze chute seemed to relax while waiting in line for veterinary attention.
A pair of Amherst-based entrepreneurs took Grandin's idea and ran with it. Last month, they introduced an inflatable vest that offers a "portable hug" to help calm and soothe children with autism and other disorders. [Read more]
The pressurized vest created by Therapeutic Systems of Amherst helps calm and soothe children with autism and other disorders. (Courtesy of Therapeutic Systems)
Smell-and-Taste receptors carry "flavor" to the brain
Breast surgeons are offering a new kind of mastectomy surgery that helps women feel better about their bodies.
In her 1977 book, Illness as Metaphor, essayist Susan Sontag identified warfare as the prominent metaphor for cancer and its treatment. Malignant tumors invade. Treatment kills. The metaphors aren't surprising, considering that at the time Sontag was recovering from a radical mastectomy. That aggressive breast cancer surgery removed almost half of the chest-all breast tissue, all overlying skin, both fan-shaped chest muscles under the breasts, and the underarm lymph nodes. [Read more]
Breast cancer surgeon Dr. Deborah Axelrod sees patients at NYU Clinical Cancer Center. She is performing mastectomy surgery that preserves the nipple and areola. (Photo: René Pérez)
Long thought to be untreatable, lymphedema affects up to 40 percent of patients who've had breast cancer surgery--two out of every five women. Lymph, a clear fluid that contains disease-fighting white blood cells, as well as proteins and fats, is normally flushed from the body by the lymph nodes. When they are removed, the fluid instead can accumulate in the arm. Lymphedema can develop immediately or years after surgery or radiation therapy, one reason why patients are advised not to have blood drawn or blood pressure taken on the side where the arm could be affected. [Read more]
Low thyroid levels can affect the mother's health and her child's development.
In the fall of 2008, fashion and photography editor Kristen Mulvihill hadn't even unpacked from her honeymoon when her new husband, David Rohde, a New York Times reporter, was kidnapped by the Taliban in Afghanistan and held for more than half a year. [Read more]